Infographics come in a variety of shapes and sizes. But they are all designed to present information and statistics in a visual format that is easy to follow and understand. To do this, they typically use a combination of text, images, and illustrations that are arranged in a flowing format so viewers can scan them to gather the intended story. Infographics can be still images, animations, or even interactive web pages. Here is a very simple example:
Micrographics are similar to Infographics, the main difference is their scope. Micrographics tend to be much smaller and focus on a single point rather than a broader subject. Often, these types of visuals may be used to accent other content like a landing page, blog post or whitepaper. They can be static or animated. Here are a few examples
Sometimes you need to show something that real images cannot capture. Maybe it is an abstract concept like "unstructured data", or maybe it is proposed technology that doesn't exist yet. In any event, 2D or 3D illustrations can solve this problem by helping you present your ideas in a visually compelling form.